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MAPP504 - Economics and Public Policy

Course Details

Course Code: MAPP504 Course ID: 4679 Credit Hours: 3 Level: Graduate

This course critically assesses the role the government plays in the economy and how this affects federal, state and local public policy making and vice versa. We first deconstruct and critique basic economic concepts like public goods and externalities and cover the central theoretical principles that apply to public economics. We then use these to evaluate the federal budget, taxation and income redistribution with a special focus on social security, education, health care and defense policy. Students will develop a critical sense of their own economic policy positions and apply these to their area of concentration.





Course Schedule

Registration Dates Course Dates Session Weeks
04/29/19 - 10/04/19 10/07/19 - 12/01/19 Fall 2019 Session B 8 Week session
07/29/19 - 01/03/20 01/06/20 - 03/01/20 Winter 2020 Session B 8 Week session

Current Syllabi

Upon successful completion of the course students will be able to meet the following learning objectives:

  1. Evaluate and, in some cases, modify several central economic concepts as they apply to problems and debates in political economy and public policy
  2. Examine the complex role of the state in the national economy and the economic pros and cons of to little or too much state intervention
  3. Apply economic theory in a contemporary political context
  4. Differentiate concepts of supply and demand as they apply to government policies
  5. Analyze alternative tax structures in terms of the principles of efficiency and equity
  6. Assess the federal budget and at least one state budget using the economic concepts and principles learned in the course
  7. Develop recommendations to current fiscal and other economic and sociopolitical problems as they pertain to the public sector based on research and analysis
  8. Construct a well-thought out personal economic philosophy.

Self Introduction: The first forum includes a self-introduction, which should include your name, where you are located (country, state, or city), what your current job title is, where you received your undergraduate degree and in what field, any information you care to share about your family and hobbies, what you hope to get out of the course and your current level of economics knowledge.

This introduction needs to be at least 250 words and posted by midnight SUNDAY during the first week of the class. Do not attach your posting to the forum, type it into the comments box. Failure to complete this forum by the end of the first week of class will result in you being dropped from the course.

Forum Questions: For our forum discussions we will be analyzing concepts raised in the text, related readings, or current events. Students must provide a critical review of these articles and reply substantively to the contributions of at least two classmates. Individual postings should include an evaluation of the content of the reading, and explain how it relates to the concepts in the text and other external resources. The postings should be analytic in nature, and include comparisons/contrasts and examples that can bolster your argument. Postings should be free of any spelling or grammar errors.

Specific instructions can be found in the first substantive forum and apply to all other substantive forums. The rubric can be found in the gradebook by the forum entries.

There are three written assignments and one final research component in this class.

Written Assignments: These assignments are opportunities to explore certain topics and events in more detail. General questions are provided for you. You should connect the reading to current events, use multiple scholarly sources, and cite them using APA formatting. See the Assignment section for details on each submission.

Final Paper: Your final paper is the culmination of this course. Devise your personal economic philosophy drawing from the topics and areas we have covered during the course (see the Assignment section for details). Topics are due during week 6 if you want feedback and guidance from your professor. You may send them in the message area.

The criteria for evaluating the writing assignments are based on the Graduate Assignment Rubric, which can be found iRubric icon on the assignment.

NameGrade %
Forums 30.00 %
Forum 1.1 0.37 %
Forum 1.2 3.70 %
Forum 2 3.70 %
Forum 3 3.70 %
Forum 4 3.70 %
Forum 5 3.70 %
Forum 6 3.70 %
Forum 7 3.70 %
Forum 8 3.70 %
Economic Analysis 45.00 %
Issue Analysis 1 (wk 2) 15.00 %
Issue Analysis 2 (wk 4) 15.00 %
Issue Analysis 3 (wk 6) 15.00 %
Final Project 25.00 %
Final Project (wk 8) 25.00 %

MAPP 504: Weekly Required Reading

Week 1: The Public Sector

Required Reading/Viewing:

Hopcroft, D. (2012) Economics Public Sector 1. (watch as part of lesson)

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=uYSyrg7SMRI

Conservation Strategy Fund. (2014) “Public vs. Private Goods.” (watch as part of lesson)

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=E1v5eRs0_fw

Amir-ud-Din, Rafi, Zaman, A. (2015) “Failures of the Invisible Hand.” Forum for Social Economics 45(1), 45-60. http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/07360932.2015.1019536

Free to Choose Network. (2016) “Morality and Markets - Self-Interest/Invisible Hand/Supply & Demand.” https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=4FHxpoQqPTU

Hirschman, D., & Berman, E. P. (2014) “Do Economists Make Policies? On the Political Effects of Economics.” Socio-Economic Review 12(4), 779- 811. http://ser.oxfordjournals.org/content/12/4/779.full

Dzigbede, Komla D. (2016) “Whither Are We Bound? New Insights on American Economic Policymaking.” Policy Studies Journal 44(S1), S14-S27.

Dollery, B. (2011) New Institutional Economics and the Analysis of the Public Sector. Review of Policy Research 18(1), 185-211.

Lipchik, J. (2014) “Public goods, Externalities and Market Failures.” https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=cMUUPzV1Klo

Zycher, B. (2008) “Defense.” Concise Encyclopedia of Economics. http://www.econlib.org/library/Enc/Defense.html

Week 2: The Role of the State and Economic Efficiency

Required Reading/Viewing:

Investopedia. (n.d.) “Economic Efficiency.” http://www.investopedia.com/terms/e/economic_ efficiency.asp

Welker, J. (2011) “Efficiency and Equilibrium in Competitive Markets.” The Economics Classroom. (watch as part of lesson) http://www.econclassroom.com/?p=2611

Altman, M. (2013) “What Behavioral Economics has to Say about Financial Literacy.” Applied Finance Letters 2(1), 12-17. https://acfr.aut.ac.nz/__data/assets/pdf_file/0009/30150/AFL-VO2.01-2013-What-Behavioural-Economics.pdf

Berg, A., & Ostry, J. (2011) “Equality and Efficiency: Is There a Trade-off between the Two or Do They go Hand in Hand? Finance and Development. September. http://www.imf.org/external/pubs/ft/fandd/2011/09/pdf/berg.pdf

Bouchey, H. (2105) “Today’s Big U.S. Economic Trade-off isn’t Equality or Efficiency.” Washington Center for Equitable Growth. May 15. http://equitablegrowth.org/research-analysis/todays-big-u-s-economic-trade-off-isnt-equality-efficiency/

Elinder, M., Jordahl H., & Poutvaara, P. (2008) “Selfish and Prospective: Theory and Evidence of Pocketbook Voting.” Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA). Discussion Paper No. 3763. http://ftp.iza.org/dp3763.pdf

Ferreira, F., & Peragine, V. (2105) “Equality of Opportunity: Theory and Evidence.” ECINE: Society for the Study of Economic Inequality. Working Paper 359 (March). http://www.ecineq.org/milano/WP/ECINEQ2015-359.pdf

Lee, S., & Lebowitz, S. (2015) “20 Cognitive Biases that Screw Up your Decisions.” Business Insider. http://www.businessinsider.com/cognitive-biases-that-affect-decisions-2015-8

Heyne, P. (2008) “Efficiency.” Concise Encyclopedia of Economics. http://www.econlib.org/library/Enc/Efficiency.html

Manzoor, A. (2014) “A Look at Efficiency in Public Administration: Past and Future.” SageOpen. December 21. http://sgo.sagepub.com/content/4/4/2158244014564936

Rimer, S. (2016) “Power Brokers Care More about Efficiency Than Equality.” Bostonia (Fall). https://www.bu.edu/bostonia/2016/income-inequality-ray-fisman/

Silver, N. (2013) “What Is Driving Growth in Government Spending?” New York Times. January 16. http://fivethirtyeight.blogs.nytimes.com/2013/01/16/what-is-driving-growth-in-government-spending/?_r=0

Thoma, M. (2010) “What is the Role of the State?” Economist’s View. September 8. http://economistsview.typepad.com/economistsview/2010/09/what-is-the-role-of-the-state.html

Tversky, A., & Kahneman, D. (1981) “The Framing of Decisions and the Psychology of Choice.” Science 211 (4481): 453-458. http://psych.hanover.edu/classes/cognition/papers/tversky81.pdf

Week 3: Democracy

Required Reading/Viewing:

Self, K. (2014) “Federalism Lesson 5: Fiscal Federalism.” (watch as part of lesson) https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=rPTTlRso1vI

Terry, R. (2015) “Fiscal Federalism.” (watch as part of lesson) https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=qqoQsoFflJ0

What-when-how.com (n.d.) “Public Choice and Constitutional Political Economy.” In-depth Tutorials and Information. http://what-when-how.com/public-choice/public-choice-and-constitutional-political-economy-part-1/

Terman, J., Kassekert, A., Feiock, R., & Yang, K. (2016) “Walking in the Shadow of Pressman and Wildavsky: Expanding Fiscal Federalism and Goal Congruence Theories to Single-Shot Games.” Review of Policy Research 33(2), 124-139.

Eezelaya’s Channel. (2009) “The Median Voter.” https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=cFt0k6n_HKc

Cohen, T. (2010) “Why Politics is Stuck in the Middle.” New York Times. February 6. http://www.nytimes.com/2010/02/07/business/economy/07view.html

Copeland, Hasell & Bimber, (2016). “Collective Action Frames, Advocacy Organizations and Protests over Same-Sex Marriage.” International Journal of Communication 10, 3785-3807. http://ijoc.org/index.php/ijoc/article/view/4972/1746

Dalen, J., Waterbrook,K, & Alpert, J. (2015) “Why do so many Americans oppose the Affordable Care Act?” American Journal of Medicine 128(8), 807-10. doi: 10.1016/j.amjmed.2015.01.032 https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/25731135

De Waal, A. (2016) “Introduction to the Political Marketplace for Policymakers.” World Peace Foundation. Justice and Security Research Program. March. https://assets.publishing.service.gov.uk/media/57a0896240f0b652dd0001cc/JSRP-Brief-1.pdf

Feiock, R.C. (2006) “A Political Market Explanation for Policy Change.” https://localgov.fsu.edu/publication_files/Policy%20Change_RF.pdf

Hansen, E., & Gray, V. (2016) “Interest Group Density and Policy Change in the States.” Paper Prepared for the Southern Political Science Association Conference. Puerto Rico, January 7-9. http://hansen.web.unc.edu/files/2014/12/Hansen_Gray_Density_Policy_Change.pdf

KofaEconomics. (2014) “The Median Voter Theorem.” https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=1LupYrO_-Cw

Odugbemi, S. (2009) “The Collective Action Problem: The Case of America's Uninsured.” https://blogs.worldbank.org/publicsphere/collective-action-problem-case-americas-uninsured

Sethi, R. (2010) “Reciprocity and Collective Action.” In S. N. Durlaf & L. E. Blume, Behavioral and Experimental Economics, pp, 243-246. (Basingstoke, UK: Palgrave MacMillan). DOI: 10.1057/9780230280786_30 http://www.columbia.edu/~rs328/palgrave.pdf

Turin, D. (2014) “Environmental Problems and American Politics: Why is Protecting the Environment so Difficult?” Inquiries Journal: Social Sciences, Arts & Humanities, 6(11), 1-3. http://www.inquiriesjournal.com/articles/943/environmental-problems-and-american-politics-why-is-protecting-the-environment-so-difficult

Week 4: Taxation: The Federal Budget

Required Reading/Viewing:

Hofmann, E., Hoelz, E., & Kirchler, E. (2015) “Preconditions of Voluntary Tax Compliance: Knowledge and Evaluation of Taxation, Norms, Fairness, and Motivation to Cooperate.” Journal of Psychology 216, 209-217. https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3303158/

CSPAN. (2013) “Federal Income Tax.” (watch as part of lesson) https://www.c-span.org/video/?310820-1/federal-income-tax

Meyers, R.T. (2014) “The Implosion of the Federal Budget Process: Triggers, Commissions, Cliffs, Sequesters, Debt Ceilings, and Shutdown.” Public Budgeting and Finance 34(4), 1-23.

Fisher, L. (2012) “Presidential Budgetary Duties.” Presidential Studies Quarterly 42(4), 752-790.

Supplementary Reading:

Dhillon, K. (2015) “Republicans or Democrats: Which Party is Better at Balancing the Budget?” InsideGov. http://federal-budget.insidegov.com/stories/3436/republicans-democrats-party-better-balancing-budget

Investopedia. (2016) “The National Debt Explained.” November 21. http://www.investopedia.com/articles/insights/112116/national-debt-explained.asp

_____. (n.d: a) “Fiscal Policy.” http://www.investopedia.com/terms/f/fiscalpolicy.asp

_____. (n.d: b) “Deadweight Loss of Taxation and Welfare Loss of Taxation.” http://www.investopedia.com/terms/d/deadweight-loss-of-taxation.asp

ITEP. (2012) “Tax Fairness Fundamentals.” Institute on Taxation and Economic Policy. http://www.itep.org/pdf/guide1.pdf

Kahn, C. (2015) “State with no income tax: Better or worse?” Bankrate. January 13. http://www.bankrate.com/finance/taxes/state-with-no-income-tax-better-or-worse-1.aspx

National Priorities Project. (n.d: a) “Federal Budget Glossary.” https://www.nationalpriorities.org/budget-basics/federal-budget-101/glossary/

_____. (n.d: b) “U.S. Budget Process.” https://www.nationalpriorities.org/budget-basics/federal-budget-101/federal-budget-process/

_____. (n.d: c) “Federal Revenue.” https://www.nationalpriorities.org/budget-basics/federal-budget-101/revenues/

_____. (n.d: d) “Borrowing and Federal Debt.” https://www.nationalpriorities.org/budget-basics/federal-budget-101/borrowing-and-federal-debt/

Palmer, J.L., & Penner, R.J. (2012) “The Hard Road to Fiscal Responsibility.” Public Budgeting and Finance 32(3), 4-31.

Radcliffe, B. (2016) “Can Keynesian Economics Reduce ‘Boom-Bust’ Cycles.” Investopedia. http://www.investopedia.com/articles/economics/08/keynesian-economics.asp

Ross, S. (2015) “How does fiscal policy impact the national budget deficit?” Investopedia. http://www.investopedia.com/ask/answers/032615/how-does-fiscal-policy-impact-budget-deficit.asp#ixzz4RGb9fGia

Smith, L. (2014) “Successful Ways That Governments Reduce Federal Debt.” Investopedia. September 21. http://www.investopedia.com/articles/economics/11/successful-ways-government-reduces-debt.asp

Spaulding, R. (2016) “Taxation: Efficiency and Equity.” ThisMatter.com. http://thismatter.com/economics/taxation.htm

Taylor, A. (2002) “The Ideological Roots of Deficit Reduction Policy.” Review of Policy Research 19(4), 11-29.

White, J. (2009) “What Not to Ask of Budgeting Processes: Lessons from George W. Bush’s Years.” Public Administration Review 69(2), 224-232.

Week 5: Taxation: State and Local Taxation

Required Reading/Viewing:

CSPAN. (2015) “State and Local Tax Systems.” https://www.c-span.org/video/?325067-5/washington-journal-matthew-gardner-state-local-tax-systems

ITEP. (2011) The ITEP Guide to Fair State and Local Taxes. ITEP. http://www.itep.org/pdf/guide.pdf

Supplementary Reading:

Congressional Budget Office (CBO). (2013) “Federal Grants to State and Local Governments.” https://www.cbo.gov/publication/43967

Davis. (2016) “Amazon sales tax evasion no longer an option.” Tax Justice Blog. November 18. http://www.taxjusticeblog.org/archive/2016/11/at_amazoncom_sales_tax_evasion.php#.WDEYOlfbFFI

Internal Revenue Service. (2016) “Tax Topic Master List.” http://www.irs.gov/taxtopics/

ITEP. (2015, September) State Tax Codes as Poverty Fighting Tools. Institute on Taxation and Economic Policy Report. http://itep.org/poverty2015.php

_____. (2015, January) Who Pays? 50-state report distributional tax analysis. http://www.itep.org/whopays/

Kahn, C. (2015) “State with no income tax: Better or worse?” Bankrate. January 13. http://www.bankrate.com/finance/taxes/state-with-no-income-tax-better-or-worse-1.aspx

McWhinnie, E. (2016a) “Top 10 States in America With the Highest Taxes in 2016.” http://www.cheatsheet.com/culture/states-with-the-highest-taxes.html/

_____. (2016b) “Top 10 States in America With the Lowest Taxes in 2016.” http://www.cheatsheet.com/culture/states-with-the-lowest-taxes.html/?a=viewall

Tax Policy Center. (2016a) “How do State and Local Individual Income Taxes Work?” http://www.taxpolicycenter.org/briefing-book/how-do-state-and-local-individual-income-taxes-work

_____. (2016b) “What types of federal grants are made to state and local governments and how do they work?” http://www.taxpolicycenter.org/briefing-book/what-types-federal-grants-are-made-state-and-local-governments-and-how-do-they-work

_____. (2015, February) “Individual State Income Tax Rates 2000 - 2015.” http://www.taxpolicycenter.org/statistics/individual-state-income-tax-rates-2000-2015

_____. (2014) “Sales Tax Rates, State and Local: 2004-2014.” http://www.taxpolicycenter.org/statistics/sales-tax-rates-state-and-local-2004-2014

Urban Institute. (2015) “Data Query System (SLF-DQS).” http://slfdqs.taxpolicycenter.org

U.S. Department of the Treasury. (2010) “State and Local Taxes.” https://www.treasury.gov/resource-center/faqs/Taxes/Pages/state-local.aspx

More scholarly articles and resources here. https://www.americantaxpolicyinstitute.org/research/

Week 6: Expenditures and Redistribution

Required Reading/Viewing:

The Economist (2014) “Roadblocks on the Path to Redistribution.” (watch as part of

lesson, transcript located in lesson for this week)

http://www.economist.com/blogs/democracyinamerica/2014/01/paradox

democratic-politics

American Presidency Project. (2017) “President J. F. Kennedy’s Inaugural Address: January 20, 1961.” http://www.presidency.ucsb.edu/ws/index.php?pid=8032&

Holzer, H. (2016) “Reducing Poverty the Democratic Way.” The Brookings Institution. February 29. https://www.brookings.edu/research/reducing-poverty-the-democratic-way/

Howard, C. (2015) “Tax Expenditures: What Are They and How Do They Work?” http://www.scholarsstrategynetwork.org/brief/tax-expenditures-what-they-are-and-who-benefits

Proctor, B.D., Semega, J.L., & Kollar, M.A. (2016) “Income and Poverty in the United States: 2015.” U.S. Census Bureau. Report No. P50-256. http://www.uah.org/wp-content/uploads/2016/09/here.pdf

Supplementary Reading:

American Presidency Project. (2017) “President J. F. Kennedy’s Inaugural Address: January 20, 1961.” http://www.presidency.ucsb.edu/ws/index.php?pid=8032&

Davison, A. (2012) “What we learned from teetering on the fiscal cliff.” https://www.ted.com/talks/adam_davidson_what_we_learned_from_teetering_on_the_fiscal_cliff

Lee, D. (2008) “Redistribution.” The Concise Encyclopedia of Economics. Liberty Fund. http://www.econlib.org/library/Enc/Redistribution.html

Miron, J. (2011) “Rethinking Redistribution.” National Affairs 6(Winter). http://www.nationalaffairs.com/publications/detail/rethinking-redistribution

Newport, F. (2015) “Americans continue to say wealth distribution is unfair.” Gallup. http://www.gallup.com/poll/182987/americans-continue-say-wealth-distribution-unfair.aspx

Posner, R. (2013) “Does Redistributing Income from Rich to Poor Increase or Reduce Economic Growth or Welfare?” The Becker-Posner Blog. http://www.becker-posner-blog.com/2013/12/does-redistributing-income-from-rich-to-poor-increase-or-reduce-economic-growth-or-welfare-posner.html

Poverties.org. (2015) “Poverty in the United States: Social Welfare vs the Market.” December 9. http://www.poverties.org/blog/poverty-in-the-united-states

Prante, G., & Hodge, S. (2013) “The Distribution of Tax and Spending Policies in the United States.” Tax Foundation. http://taxfoundation.org/article/distribution-tax-and-spending-policies-united-states

Silver, N. (2013) “What Is Driving Growth in Government Spending?” New York Times. January 16. http://fivethirtyeight.blogs.nytimes.com/2013/01/16/what-is-driving-growth-in-government-spending/?_r=0

Tax Policy Center. (2016a) “State and Local General Expenditures.” http://www.taxpolicycenter.org/statistics/state-and-local-general-expenditures

_____. (2016b) “State and Local Direct General Expenditures, Per Capita.” http://www.taxpolicycenter.org/statistics/state-and-local-direct-general-expenditures-capita

_____. (2016c) “What are the largest tax expenditures?” http://www.taxpolicycenter.org/briefing-book/what-are-largest-tax-expenditures

U.S. Census Bureau. (2013) “State and Local Government Finances by Level of Government and by State: 2013.” https://factfinder.census.gov/faces/tableservices/jsf/pages/productview.xhtml?src=bkmk

U.S. GAO. (n.d.) “Tax Expenditures.” http://www.gao.gov/key_issues/tax_expenditures/issue_summary

U.S. Government Spending. (n.d.) “U. S. Government Spending Totals in $ Billion.” http://www.usgovernmentspending.com/total_2015USbt_18bs5n

Week 7: Social Security, Education, Healthcare

Required Reading/Viewing:

Barnett, J., & Vornovitsky, M. (2016) “Health Insurance Coverage in the United States: 2015.” September. https://www.census.gov/content/dam/Census/library/publications/2016/demo/p60-257.pdf

Brown, J., Kapteyn,
A., & Mitchell, O. (2016) “Framing and Claiming: How Information-Framing Affects Expected Social Security Claiming Behavior.” Journal of Risk and Insurance 83(1), 139-162.

Seeker Daily. (2015) “How Does Social Security Really Work?” (watch as part of lesson) https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=p2hwO3y2Q4s/

Supplementary Reading:

Baker, D. (2014) “What does the Fed have to do with Social Security? Plenty.” Al Jazeera America. August 19. http://america.aljazeera.com/opinions/2014/8/federal-reserve-socialsecurityeconomyjobs.html

Ballotpedia. (n.d.: a) “Social Security Act of 1935.” https://ballotpedia.org/Social_Security_Act_of_1935

_____. (n.d.: b) “Education Policy in the United States.” https://ballotpedia.org/Education_policy_in_the_United_States

_____. (n.d.: c) “History of Healthcare Policy in the United States.” https://ballotpedia.org/History_of_healthcare_policy_in_the_United_States

_____. (2016) “The No Child Left Behind Act.” https://ballotpedia.org/No_Child_Left_Behind_Act

Bullock, D. (2013) “How Does Obamacare Work? 11 Questions, 11 Unbiased Answers.” Nasdaq. July 26. http://www.nasdaq.com/article/how-does-obamacare-work-11-questions-11-unbiased-answers-cm261619

Burke, V. (2003) “The 1996 Welfare Reform Law.” Congressional Research Service. http://royce.house.gov/uploadedfiles/the%201996%20welfare%20reform%20law.pdf

Federal Safety Net. (n.d.: 1) “Social Safety Net.” http://federalsafetynet.com/social-safety-net.html

_____. (n.d.: 2) “U.S. Welfare Programs.” http://federalsafetynet.com/us-welfare-programs.html

Haveman, R., Blank, R., Moffitt, R.,
Smeeding, T., &
 Wallace, G. (2016) “The War on Poverty: Measurement, Trends, and Policy.” Journal of Policy Analysis and Management 34(3), 593-638.

Internal Revenue Service (IRS). (2015)

_____. (2016a) “Publication 15.” https://www.irs.gov/publications/p15/ar01.html#en_US_2016_publink1000202185

_____. (2016b) “Publication 51.” https://www.irs.gov/publications/p51/ar01.html#en_US_2016_publink1000195439

_____. (2016c) “Topic 751: Social Security and Medicare Withholding Rates.” https://www.irs.gov/taxtopics/tc751.html

Kaiser Family Foundation. (2016) “Key Facts about the Uninsured Population.” http://kff.org/uninsured/fact-sheet/key-facts-about-the-uninsured-population/

Lee, D. (2008) “Redistribution.” The Concise Encyclopedia of Economics. Liberty Fund. http://www.econlib.org/library/Enc/Redistribution.html

Miller, D. (2016) “Top 5 Health Issues Facing States in 2016.” Council of State Governments. January 4. http://knowledgecenter.csg.org/kc/content/top-5-health-issues-facing-states-2016

Parker, T. (2014) “Who Pays Your Social Security Benefits?” Investopedia. August 14. http://www.investopedia.com/articles/personal-finance/081414/who-pays-your-social-security-benefits.asp

Reuters. (2016) “U.S. government says benchmark 2017 Healthcare.gov premiums up 25 percent.” October 24. http://www.reuters.com/article/us-usa-healthcare-insurance-idUSKCN12P003

Social Security Administration (SSA). (n.d.) “Social Security History.” https://www.ssa.gov/history/

_____. (2016) “A Summary of the 2016 Reports.” https://www.ssa.gov/oact/trsum/

U.S. Department of Education. (n.d.) “The Federal Role in Education.” http://www2.ed.gov/about/overview/fed/role.html

U.S. Department of Health and Human Services (HHS). (2015). “The Affordable Care Act.” https://www.hhs.gov/healthcare/about-the-law/read-the-law/

_____. (2016) “Lack of Health Insurance Coverage.” https://www.cdc.gov/nchs/data/nhis/earlyrelease/earlyrelease201611_01.pdf

Week 8: National Defense and Conclusion

Required Reading:

DiGiuseppe, M. (2015) “Guns, butter, and debt: Sovereign creditworthiness and military expenditure.” Journal of Peace Research 52(5), 680-693. http://jpr.sagepub.com/content/52/5/680.abstract

Johnson, J. (2015) “Assessing Common Arguments for Cutting National Security Spending.” Heritage Foundation. http://www.heritage.org/research/reports/2015/11/assessing-common-arguments-for-cutting-national-security-spending-informing-current-and-future-budget-debates

Richter, A. (2016) “Sharing the burden? U.S. allies, defense spending, and the future of NATO.” Comparative Strategy 35(4), 298-314.

Supplementary Reading:

Chadwick, L. (2016) “Most Voters Favor Cutting Defense Spending: Politicians Say Otherwise.” Center for Public Integrity. March 10. https://www.publicintegrity.org/2016/03/10/19416/most-voters-favor-cutting-defense-spending-politicians-say-otherwise

Congressional Budget Office (CBO). (n.d.) “Defense and National Security.” https://www.cbo.gov/topics/defense-and-national-security

_____. (2016) “Long-Term Implications of the 2016 Future Years Defense Program.” https://www.cbo.gov/publication/51050

_____. (2015) “Replacing Military Personnel in Support Positions With Civilian Employees.” December 2. https://www.cbo.gov/publication/51012

ConnectUS. (2015) “13 Key Pros and Cons of Military Spending.” http://connectusfund.org/13-key-pros-and-cons-of-military-spending

Department of Defense. (2016) “Defense budget proposal: latest stories.” http://www.defense.gov/News/Special-Reports/FY16-Budget

Global Policy Forum. (2016a) “Global Public Goods.” https://www.globalpolicy.org/social-and-economic-policy/global-public-goods-1-101.html

_____. (2016b) “U.S. Opposition to the International Criminal Court.” https://www.globalpolicy.org/us-un-and-international-law-8-24/us-opposition-to-the-icc-8-29.html

Gorka, A. (2016) “Why Russia Quit International Criminal Court.” Strategic Culture Foundation. November 19. http://www.strategic-culture.org/news/2016/11/19/why-russia-quit-international-criminal-court.html

Gould, S., & Bender, J. (2015) “How the U.S. Military Spends its Billions.” Business Insider. August 29. http://www.businessinsider.com/how-the-us-military-spends-its-billions-2015-8

National Priorities Project. (n.d.) “Trade Offs: Your Money, Your Choices. Interactive Data.” https://www.nationalpriorities.org/interactive-data/trade-offs/

Plumer, B. (2013) “America’s Staggering Defense Budget in Charts.” Washington Post. January 7. https://www.washingtonpost.com/news/wonk/wp/2013/01/07/everything-chuck-hagel-needs-to-know-about-the-defense-budget-in-charts/?utm_term=.fa07b0c36c42

Taylor, A. & Karklis, L. (2016) “This remarkable chart shows how U.S. defense spending dwarfs the rest of the world.” Washington Post. February 9. https://www.washingtonpost.com/news/worldviews/wp/2016/02/09/this-remarkable-chart-shows-how-u-s-defense-spending-dwarfs-the-rest-of-the-world/

U.S. Government Spending. (n.d.). “Defense Spending.” http://www.usgovernmentspending.com/defense_spending

Zycher, B. (2008) “Defense.” Concise Encyclopedia of Economics. http://www.econlib.org/library/Enc/Defense.html

Book Title:Various resources from the APUS Library & the Open Web are used. Links provided inside the classroom in the Lessons section.
Author: No Author Specified

Previous Syllabi

Not current for future courses.